What is COVID-19 Monoclonal Antibody Infusion Therapy?

Many individuals feel as though COVID-19 has existed for years. Therefore, you may wonder if there is a viable treatment for individuals who become ill. It is essential to remember that the virus is quite new, after its initial identification in Wuhan, China, in 2019 and becoming a global pandemic by March 2020. With new ailments, it takes time for scientists to examine and develop therapies. Luckily, several promising therapies can be utilized to fight the virus, notably Monoclonal Treatment Southaven. Continue reading to discover what Monoclonal antibody infusion treatment is and how it works.

What Exactly Are Monoclonal Antibodies?

Antibodies are created naturally by the body to combat infections. Once the body is exposed to a novel virus, like COVID-19, it lacks the antibodies necessary to combat it, which is why monoclonal antibodies become necessary. Monoclonal antibodies are lab-generated and target specific infections or viruses, including COVID-19.

How Does Monoclonal Therapy Work?

Patients identified with COVID-19 receive monoclonal antibodies intravenously or as a single injection. This treatment employs COVID-19 antibodies to assist the body in fighting off the infection. The dose of the injection is less than that of the infusion therapy.

These antibodies cut the level of the virus within the body. Individuals with lower virus loads exhibit milder symptoms. Lowering viral load could aid in preventing hospitalization and mortality.

What Monoclonal Antibody Treatments Are Available For COVID-19?

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized four antibody infusion treatments for emergency use. These monoclonal therapies include Sotrovimab, Tocilizumab, Bebtelovimab, and combining cilgavimab with tixagevimab.

Bebtelovimab and Sotrovimab are outpatient therapies for moderate to mild COVID-19 in adults and kids weighing not less than 88 pounds and older than 12 years old. These patients are at an elevated risk for COVID-19 complications, including death and hospitalization.

Tocilizumab is administered intravenously to hospitalized adults and kids older than two who are taking systemic corticosteroids and need additional ventilation or oxygen.

Monoclonal Treatment

The blend of cilgavimab with tixagevimab prevents coronavirus in adults and kids at least 12 years old who weigh not less than 88 pounds. These patients could have compromised immunity due to a health condition, immunosuppressive therapies, or medication. Likewise, eligible candidates for this therapy may not receive the COVID-19 vaccination because of a history of serious adverse responses to vaccine components.

Is Monoclonal Antibody Treatment Efficient Against The Omicron Variant?

Researchers in the medical field have discovered subvariants of the Omicron variant. In late 2021, Omicron BA.1 was the predominant COVID-19 variation. Omicron BA.2 debuted at the start of 2022.

Certain monoclonal antibody treatments are efficient against only one subvariant, whereas others are successful against both.

Sotrovimab is efficient against Omicron BA.1 but ineffective against Omicron BA.2. Bebtelovimab is the sole successful monoclonal antibody against both Omicron subvariants. Moreover, the mix of cilgavimab and rixagevimab is efficient against both subtypes of Omicron, although it is only approved for infection prevention, not its treatment.

Early therapy is key to success in combating COVID-19. Otherwise, you risk more severe complications like respiratory issues, pneumonia, kidney damage, and more. Therefore, do not hesitate to seek professional care if you suspect you have COVID-19 symptoms or are exposed to somebody diagnosed with the virus. Your provider will assess your condition and determine whether monoclonal treatment is appropriate for you.