When visiting an OBGYN (Obstetrician/Gynecologist), a patient can expect to undergo a physical examination and discussion of their medical history. This may include a pelvic exam, pap smear, and breast exam. The OBGYN may also discuss birth control options, pregnancy plans, and any concerns or symptoms the patient may be experiencing. It is also common for your Fair Oaks OBGYN specialist to perform routine screenings for STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and cervical cancer.
You can also expect a discussion of your menstrual cycle and any related concerns, such as heavy bleeding or painful periods. The OBGYN may also offer advice on menopause management, if applicable. It is important for patients to ask any questions or voice any concerns during the visit, as OBGYNs are trained to provide care for the unique health needs of women.
Some of the services an OBGYN offers include:
Routine gynecological exams and screenings
Routine gynecological exams and screenings are important for maintaining women’s reproductive and sexual health. These exams usually include a pelvic exam, during which the healthcare provider checks the external and internal organs of the reproductive system for any abnormalities or signs of disease.
They may also include a Pap smear, which screens for cervical cancer, and a breast exam to check for lumps or other signs of breast cancer. Other routine screenings may include testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and discussing birth control options.
Obstetric care refers to the medical and nursing care provided to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. It includes prenatal care, which provides regular check-ups and screenings to monitor the health of the mother and developing fetus, as well as labor and delivery care, which includes managing labor and delivery and providing pain relief.
It also includes postpartum care, which includes monitoring the health of the mother and baby after delivery and providing support and education on breastfeeding and caring for a newborn. Obstetric care is typically provided by obstetricians, midwives, and other healthcare professionals.
Family planning and birth control options
Family planning and birth control refer to methods used to prevent pregnancy. There are a variety of options available, including:
- Hormonal methods, such as the birth control pill, patch, ring, and injections, prevent ovulation or thicken cervical mucus to block sperm.
- IUDs are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
- Sterilization, which is a permanent method of birth control for both men (vasectomy) and women (tubal ligation)
- Natural family planning methods involve monitoring fertility signs such as basal body temperature, cervical mucus, and cervical position to determine when a woman is fertile.
Evaluation and management of menopause symptoms
Menopause is a natural biological process that signifies the end of a woman’s reproductive years. It typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 but can occur earlier or later. The most common symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, night sweats, sleep disturbances, vaginal dryness, and mood changes.
Examining menopause symptoms typically begins with a thorough medical history and physical examination. Your healthcare provider may also order blood tests to measure hormone levels and rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
To learn more about women’s issues and the services to expect, contact your OBGYN at Capital Women’s Care.